Here is a vector class that manages to stay under the radar. It should be no surprise they are in the family nematocera. They include black flies, sand flies, and mosquitoes. They are the main piece of the apple leaf puzzle. Where are all the extra nematodes exposed by apple leaves coming from? The answer is very tiny arthropods.
I found out more about them by researching my sequel script/spinoff series to Breaking Bad. Naturally, all the same characters are in it, but now they work for the DEA. They go after a new target, the pharmaceutical/health care industry. More evil, more money, more guns, mo’ bad. They have all the confiscated proceeds of meth and cocaine crime to take on this gargantuan task. The huge amount of money gets the Secret Service involved. Fossack Monsecka is in it. The corrupt media and cure suppressing ²medical science is too. Lots of science like the original, including a new way to mark money. Walt is a scientist after he recovers, and has a lot more tricks up his sleeve in witness protection, but to survive the corruption within. Jesse joins the fight for the good guys, reprising his last season DEA informant role. But back to the bugs.
On new science in the bug/vector parasite realm, we are looking at the mechanisms of Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP), and Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning (ASP). That is because somehow it gets vectored with nematodes, and one common chord is Red Tide from red algal blooms. In ASP, the culprit is the chemical domoic acid. It is from a red algal species as well as is PSP. Somehow, they are getting through to the vectors, and show up in variants in humans and mammalian host animals causing borrelia Horowitz MSIDS symptoms. I suspect ASP is a mechanism behind Alzheimer’s and other neurological age related disorders when the nematodes and their endosymbiont borrelia and leptospire parasites biofilm and reach quorum within a host. This develops with age.
There has been some Vindication too. On this humble blog, I have often mentioned the neurological control that the nematodes or trematodes use to take over the host brain, influencing decisions with diet, etc. Apple leaves and some additives can even get them in communication with you through all your senses, including cognition. It jmay seems nuckin’ futz, but that link shows it is more than that in the case of an ant, another hymenoptera vector when it gets infested with a trematode parasite. Thanks to PHD Fellow Thomas Grier for bringing that to my attention. The author’s actual name is Kathleen McAuliffe, but HuffPo misquoted the original author’s name. Go figure. I suspect their trematodes may have had a hand in that typo.²